How to Draw a Realistic Eye: A Step-by-Step Tutorial

By Sam Cooper in Art Tutorials > Drawing Tips

Hey everyone! This tutorial will hopefully help you to draw a realistic eye. If you want a more in-depth video tutorial for this process, just click here to be notified when it’s ready!

Drawing tools:

General’s Charcoal Pencil 6B
Mechanical Pencil with HB and 4B lead
Tombow Mono Zero Eraser
Posca Paint Pens (White 0.7mm)
• Old makeup brushes for blending

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Here’s how to draw an eye

First, make sure you have a reference photo, like I did:

Drawing reference of a close-up eye

Then to start your drawing, lightly sketch an outline of the eye.  It always helps me to draw little markers on the left and right, where the drawing is going to start and end—and I always resize my reference picture to be the exact size I want to draw, so I can be sure of getting the correct proportions.

Basic sketch showing just the shape of an eye

Once the central part of the eye is drawn, I add in the rest of the outlines, including the tear duct, eyelid and eye bags.

Outline drawing of an eye, eyelid, eye bags, and tear ducts

Then I like to go in with a charcoal pencil and put charcoal only in the areas that I want to be the darkest: in the eyelid crease, the shadow under the eyelid, and the pupil and around the iris.

Make sure you only do this carefully, as it is very difficult to erase after you’ve put down the charcoal.

Drawing the darkest shadows in the skin around the eye, as well as in the iris, using charcoal

Then I shade the whites of the eyes. This part of the eye is never completely white; they do have shadows and dimensionality to them.

For this particular eye, the area next to the tear duct is slightly darker and the opposite corner of the eye is even darker as they are looking slightly down and there is a shadow cast by the eyelashes.

Light shading of the whites of the eyes

NOTE: I also blended the charcoal and pencil using a small brush. When blending, you want to do it gently and not completely disrupt what you’ve put down, so just use a light hand and stay within the lines.

Then I shade the tear duct. It is usually quite dark, but it is very reflective, which we will illustrate once we add the white highlights at the end. I also begin adding details to the iris, which is usually darkest around the pupil and around the circumference of the iris.

Drawing more shadows to the inner part of the eye

To fill in the iris I draw different kinds of lines (like spokes) extending out from the pupil—some squiggly lines, some that extend all the way to the edge of the iris and some that start and stop in random places.

I fill up the majority of the space with those lines and add some black spots. There’s not really a “formula” for doing this—all eyes are unique and have little irregularities and that’s what makes them so fun and interesting to draw.

Drawing details inside the iris of an eye

Then I lay down a base shade for the skin. Start light with a HB pencil.

Adding dimension to the skin around the eye by lightly shading it

Next I’ll establish some shadows using a 4B pencil—deepening the eyelid crease, the shadow at the edge of the eye and eye bags.

Deepening shadows and creases around the eyelids

Here I’ve blended the shadows with a brush You could also use a tissue or cotton bud.

Blending the shadows and skin tone with a brush

Then I establish the top and bottom water lines with a slightly darker shade and blend.

Drawing the water lines of the eye

For the eyelashes I use a 4B pencil. To create the eyelashes, start at the root and “flick” your pencil lead off the page as you draw so that the eyelash is thinnest at the tip and thickest at the root.

Drawing realistic eyelashes with a flick of the pencil

Direction is also important—eyelashes don’t all go in the same direction; some are random but for the most part they follow a pattern. In this case, the top lashes curve up towards the left and as you go towards the edge of the eye will begin to curve up towards the right.

Then I like to create some skin texture and highlights using a Tombow Mono Zero eraser. I add highlights to the eyelid and tear duct area where the light naturally hits.

Adding skin highlights with an eraser

And finally, I add the brightest highlights using a white Posca paint pen. This step usually takes the drawing from “normal” to very realistic.

I focus on the eyelid and the tear duct, and add reflections on the iris. I use a stippling technique around the tear duct and on the skin to resemble the look of skin and its little bumps and reflections.

I hope you’ve enjoyed this tutorial. . . don’t forget to sign up to be notified when the full video tutorial is ready!

Create bright highlights around the eye to add extra realism

Special thanks to Sam Cooper (@justsomedrawingzz) for sharing this tutorial! To see more amazing drawings by Sam, please visit instagram.com/justsomedrawingzz.

NOTE: You may also be interested in EE's step-by-step drawing guide for artists. Click below to learn more!

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