Edward Hopper became an influential American realist painter of the 20th century. Early on, however, Edward Hopper was not so celebrated—he first made his living as a commercial artist and illustrator, and it wasn't until the late 1920's (well into his forties) that he could support himself full-time as a painter.
Historical Artists Learn about famous artists throughout history
The most famous artists in history led incredibly fascinating lives!
At EmptyEasel you can learn about Cubist artists Picasso and Bracque, as well as those who came before them, like Cézanne and Monet. You can also view paintings by the Impressionists, learn about Dali's painting, The Persistence of Memory, explore Rembrandt's painting style, and study the portraits of kings painted by Diego Velazquez!
No matter which artist from history you're interested in, you'll find information about their lives and artwork right here on EmptyEasel.
Browse all our articles on famous artists below:
The 20th century marked a time of change in the art world, and two of the most revolutionary artists to influence the 20th century were Claude Monet and Paul Cezanne. Each of these artists found new ways of representing nature through art, but with their own unique style.
Claude Monet was a leading Impressionist painter in France during the late 19th century. Characterized by plein air paintings and short brush strokes, Claude Monet and the Impressionists changed the art world dramatically. Read more.
Read about Mary Cassatt, one of the most prominent American women in art in the 19th century. Mary Cassatt's paintings fall under the Impressionist style, a movement which she was a part of. See several Impressionist paintings by Mary Cassatt.
Eugene Delacroix was a famous French Romantic painter born in 1798 near Paris. His paintings were first known for their classical excellence, and then for the movement and color he began to infuse into his works. Take for example this painting, titled Orphan Girl in a Cemetery:
Born in 1869, Henri Matisse was a widely influential French painter who lived in the early 20th century. He was really more of an intellectual artist than an emotional artist, although you might not guess that after looking at the paintings below.
Georges Braque was a French painter born in 1882, and the co-creator of the Cubist art movement. Although never as popular as Picasso, who is widely known for his Cubist paintings, Braque was nearly as influential in spreading this intriguing new art movement. Continue reading. . .
Pablo Picasso—born Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Clito Ruiz y Picasso—is quite possibly the most famous artist that has ever lived, both during his own life and now decades after. Continue reading. . .
Edgar Degas was a French artist who is best known for his drawings, paintings and sculptures of ballerinas; as well as many sketches and sculptures of horses. Early on in life, he began to look for novel ways to show the human form, especially in movement. . .
Spanish artist Francisco Goya painted portraits for the King of Spain, made political paintings about the French invasion, and created nightmare artwork from his own dark mind. Click to read more about Francisco Goya.
17th century Spanish artist Diego Velazquez was court painter to the King of Spain. Famous paintings by Diego Velazquez include Las Meninas, The Water Seller of Seville, and Pope Innocent X.
Andy Warhol (famous pop artist of the 50's, 60's, and 70's) created mass-produced artwork and combined commercialism with fine art. Learn how Andy Warhol's silkscreen Marilyn Monroe prints and Campbell's Soup cans changed the art world.
Famous artist and portrait painter John Singer Sargent was known for painting wealthy aristocrats as well as the controversial painting: Madame X. Other oil portraits by John Singer Sargent include the famous Lady Agnew of Lochnaw.
Peter Paul Rubens was arguably one of the best painters of the 17th century Baroque style, and certainly the most famous Northern European painter of his day.
Learn about Michelangelo Buonarroti, painter of the Sistine Chapel. Michelangelo created some of the most beautiful sculptures, frescos, and paintings in all of history, and is possibly the most famous artist that ever lived.
Piet Mondrian's most recognized works are abstract paintings of colored squares, rectangles, and thick black lines - but of course Mondrian didn't start out painting that way. Looking at the paintings below you can easily see the evolution of his painting style over the years.
Dutch artist and still life painter Willem Kalf created some of the finest, most ornate still life paintings in art history. Ornamental and rich, Willem Kalf's paintings were very sought after by the wealthy 17th century Dutch noblemen.
The artist Vincent Van Gogh was a post-impressionist painter whose love of color is clearly seen in his now famous paintings. Vincent Van Gogh also lived in an insane asylum for some of his life after cutting off part of his ear.Eventually Van Gogh committed suicide.
Learn about artist Salvador Dali and his surrealist paintings, including Persistence of Memory, his most famous surreal painting of melting clocks. Like most Surrealists, Salvador Dali painted dream sequences and made artwork from his imagination.
The famous artist Paul Cezanne (known as the father of modern art) was one of the first post-impressionist painters of the 19th century. Paul Cezanne created paintings that led the way for abstract art and cubism in the 20th century.
Paul Gauguin was a post-impressionist painter who started out as an impressionist. Paul Gauguin's paintings explored vivid color and were very expressive, especially his later artwork when he lived on tropical islands.